Fluoride Information

Fluoride is a poison. Fluoride was poison yesterday. Fluoride is poison today. Fluoride will be poison tomorrow. When in doubt, get it out.

An American Affidavit

Friday, December 22, 2017

205. Power: The Underground History of American Education by John Taylor Gatto from archive.org

205. Power: The Underground History of American Education by John Taylor Gatto from archive.org

Power -=- 22 


  FIRST CATEGORY: Government Agencies

  1) State legislatures, particularly those politicians known in-house to specialize in  educational matters 

 2) Ambitious politicians with high public visibility 

3) Big-city school boards controlling lucrative contracts 

 4) The courts  

5) Big-city departments of education 

 6) State departments of education  

7) Federal Department of Education  

 8) Other government agencies (National Science Foundation, National Training  Laboratories, Defense Department, HUD, Labor Department, Health and Human  Services, and many more)  

SECOND CATEGORY: Active Special Interests 

1)  Key private foundations.

2.) About a dozen of these curious entities have been the most  important shapers of national education policy in this century, particularly those of  Carnegie, Ford, and Rockefeller.     2) Giant corporations, acting through a private association called the Business  Roundtable (BR), latest manifestation of a series of such associations dating back to the  turn of the century. Some evidence of the centrality of business in the school mix was the  composition of the New American Schools Development Corporation. Its makeup of  eighteen members (which the uninitiated might assume would be drawn from a  representative cross-section of parties interested in the shape of American schooling) was  heavily weighted as follows: CEO, RJR Nabisco; CEO, Boeing; President, Exxon; CEO,  AT&T; CEO, Ashland Oil; CEO, Martin Marietta; CEO, AMEX; CEO, Eastman Kodak;  CEO, WARNACO; CEO, Honeywell; CEO, Ralston; CEO, Arvin; Chairman, BF  Goodrich; two ex-governors, two publishers, a TV producer. 

 3) The United Nations through UNESCO, the World Health Organization, UNICEF, etc. 

 4) Other private associations, National Association of Manufacturers, Council on  Economic Development, the Advertising Council, Council on Foreign Relations, Foreign  Policy Association, etc.  

5) Professional unions, National Education Association, American Federation of  Teachers, Council of Supervisory Associations, etc.  

6) Private educational interest groups, Council on Basic Education, Progressive  Education Association, etc.  

7) Single-interest groups: abortion activists, pro and con; other advocates for  specific interests.  

THIRD CATEGORY: The "Knowledge" Industry  

1) Colleges and universities  

2) Teacher training colleges  

3) Researchers  

4) Testing organizations  

5) Materials producers (other than print) 

 6) Text publishers  

7) "Knowledge" brokers, subsystem designers 

      Control of the educational enterprise is distributed among at least these twenty-two  players, each of which can be subdivided into in-house warring factions which further  remove the decision-making process from simple accessibility. The financial interests of  these associational voices are served whether children learn to read or not.    

     There is little accountability. No matter how many assertions are made to the contrary,  few penalties exist past a certain level on the organizational chart — unless a culprit runs  afoul of the media — an explanation for the bitter truth whistle-blowers regularly discover  when they tell all. Which explains why precious few experienced hands care to ruin  themselves to act the hero. This is not to say sensitive, intelligent, moral, and concerned  individuals aren't distributed through each of the twenty-two categories, but the conflict  of interest is so glaring between serving a system loyally and serving the public that it is  finally overwhelming. Indeed, it isn't hard to see that in strictly economic terms this  edifice of competing and conflicting interests is better served by badly performing  schools than by successful ones. On economic grounds alone a disincentive exists to  improve schools. When schools are bad, demands for increased funding and personnel,  and professional control removed from public oversight, can be pressed by simply  pointing to the perilous state of the enterprise. But when things go well, getting an extra  buck is like pulling teeth.  

     Some of this political impasse grew naturally from a maze of competing interests, some  grew from more cynical calculations with exactly the end in mind we see, but whatever  the formative motives, the net result is virtually impervious to democratically generated  change. No large change can occur in-system without a complicated coalition of separate  interests backing it, not one of which can actually be a primary advocate for children and  parents.

2.    "Ellen Condliffe Lagemann's Private Power for the Public Good (Wesleyan, 1986) is an excellent place to start to experience what Bernard  Bailyn meant when he said that twentieth-century schooling troubled many high-minded people. Miss Lagemann is a high-minded woman,  obviously troubled by what she discovered poking around one of the Carnegie endowments, and director of Harvard's Graduate Education  School.   The pages devoted to Rockefeller's General Education Board in Collier and Horowitz's The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty make a good  simple introduction to another private endowment which ultimately will repay a deeper look; also, the pages on true believer Frederick T.  Gates, the man who actually directed the spending of Rockefeller's money, bear close attention as well.   For a sharp look at how foundations shape our ideology, I recommend Philanthropy and Cultural Imperialism: The Foundations at Home and  Abroad, and for a hair-raising finale Rene Wormser's Foundations: Their Power and Influence is essential. Wormser was a general counsel for  the House Committee which set out to investigate tax-exempt organizations during the eighty-third Congress. Its stormy course and hair-raising  disclosures are guaranteed to remove any lingering traces of innocence about the conduct of American education, international affairs, or what  are called "the social sciences." Miss Lagemann's bibliography will lead you further, if needed. 

No comments:

Post a Comment