Chapter Four: ROOSEVELT'S SOCIALIST MANIFESTO The forces of "the few," i.e., the establishment elite, have been in the ascendancy since Jackson's last message of 1837. President Martin Van Buren tried briefly and failed to stem their power. Abraham Lincoln tried, and also failed. Every president since Lincoln has neglected even to try to curb the power of the elite. On the one hand is the "money monopoly" controlling the status quo and the ruling establishments. On the other hand is the "revolution of rising expectations" superficially created by socialist revolutionaries, but in fact socialism in theory and practice is created, supported and controlled with debt and political power created by the "money monopoly." In this chapter we will look at an American socialist manifesto, the forerunner of FDR's New Deal, written by Clinton Roosevelt in 1841. Clinton Roosevelt, one of the lesser known Roosevelt cousins was descended from the New York banking Roosevelts and linked by his socialist writings to the 20th century Roosevelts. Then in Chapter Five we will describe a more well known manifesto, that of Karl Marx, also financed from the United States. 25 The Federal Reserve Conspiracy The "money monopoly" creates and nurtures socialism. Let's start to probe this idea with the Roosevelts, who have been both bankers and socialists simultaneously. While one branch of the Roosevelt family developed the Bank of New York and the sugar refining industry, another branch of the family worked its way into practical politics and even theoretical political philosophy. For example, long before Franklin Delano Roosevelt became President, James J. Roosevelt was a member of the New York State Legislature in 1835, 1839, and 1840, a member of the Loco Focos and distinguished himself by opposition to Whig attempts to eliminate "ballot stuffing. " (1) Roosevelt was not only powerful within Tammany Hall's inner circle but according to one biographer, "he was in effect liaison officer between the Hall and Wall Street, one who carried orders from the bankers to the politicians and dictated nominations and elections in a ruthless manner. " (2) James Roosevelt was the 1840s link between the inner circles of Tammany Hall and Wall Street banking including the Roosevelts' own Bank of New York. But it was Clinton Roosevelt, born in 1804, son of Elbert Cornelius Roosevelt, who provided a socialist manifesto some years before Marx plagiarized his more famous Communist Manifesto from French Socialist Victor Considerant (see Chapter Five). Clinton Roosevelt was a 19th-century cousin to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and incidentally also related to President Theodore Roosevelt, John Quincy Adams, and President Martin Van Buren. Clinton Roosevelt's only literary effort is contained in a rare booklet dated 1841. (3) In essence it is a Socratic discussion between the author Roosevelt (i.e., the few) and a "Producer" presumably representing the rest of us (i.e., the many). Roosevelt proposes a totalitarian government much like Karl Marx's, where all individuality is submerged to a collective run by an elitist aristocratic group (i.e., the few, or 26 Roosevelt's Socialist Manifesto the vanguard in Marxist terms) who design and enact all legislation. Roosevelt demanded abandonment of the Constitution to achieve his goals: P. (Producer): But I ask again: Would you at once abandon the old doctrines of the Constitution ? A. (Author): Not by any means. Not any more than if one were in a leaky vessel he should spring overboard to save himself from drowning. It is a ship put hastily together when we left the British flag, and it was then thought an experiment of very doubtful issued The Rooseveltian system depended "First, on the art and science of cooperation. This is to bring the whole to bear for our mutual advantage." It is this cooperation, i.e., the ability to bring the whole to bear for the interest of the few, that is the encompassing theme of writings and preachings from Marx to the present Trilateral Commission. In the Roosevelt schema each man rises through fixed and specified grades in the social system and is appointed to a class of work to which he is best suited. Choice of occupation is strictly limited. In the words of Clinton Roosevelt: Whose duty will it be to make appointments to each class? A. The Grand Marshal's. P. Who will be accountable that the men appointed are the best qualified? A. A Court of physiologists, Moral Philosophers, and Farmers and Mechanics, to be chosen by the Grand Marshal and accountable to him. P. Would you constrain a citizen to submit to their decisions in the selection of a calling? 27 The Federal Reserve Conspiracy A. No. If any one of good character insisted, he might try until he found the occupation most congenial to his tastes and feelings. (5) Then Roosevelt invented the Marshal of Creation, whose job it is to balance production and consumption, much like a master planner: P. What is the duty of the Marshal of the Creating or Producing order? A. It is to estimate the amount of produce and manufactures necessary to produce a sufficiency in each department below him. When in operation, he shall report excesses and deficiencies to the Grand Marshal. P. How shall he discover such excesses and deficiencies ? A. The various merchants will report to him the demand and supplies in every line of business, as will be seen hereafter. P. Under this order are agriculture, manufactures and commerce, as I perceive. What then is the duty of the Marshal of Agriculture? A. He should have under him four regions, or if not, foreign commerce must make good the deficiency. P. What four regions? A. The temperate, the warm, the hot region and the water region. P. Why divide them thus ? 28 Roosevelt's Socialist Manifesto A. Because the products of these different regions require different systems of cultivation, and are properly subject to different minds. (6) Seventy-five years later, in 1915, Bernard Baruch was invited by President Woodrow Wilson to design a plan for a defense mobilization committee. This Baruch plan subsequently became the War Industries Board, which absorbed and replaced the old General Munitions Board. The War Industries Board as a concept was similar to cooperative trade associations, a device long desired by Wall Street to control the unwanted rigors of competition in the marketplace, and much like Clinton Roosevelt's 1841 Plan. Committees of industry, big business and small business, both represented in Washington, and both with Washington representation back home ... this was to be the backbone of the whole structure. By March, 1918, President Wilson, acting without Congressional authority, had endowed Baruch with more power than any other individual had been granted in the history of the United States. The War Industries Board, with Baruch as its chairman, became responsible for building all factories and for the supply of all raw material, all products, and all transportation, and all its final decisions rested with chairman Baruch. The War Industries Board was the organizational forerunner of the 1933 National Recovery Administration and some of the 1918 WIB corporate elite appointed by Baruch - Hugh Johnson, for example - found administrative niches in Roosevelt's NRA Plan. Comparison of Roosevelt's New Deal, actually written by Gerard Swope of General Electric, with Clinton Roosevelt's early 1841 scheme shows a remarkable similarity. 29 The Federal Reserve Conspiracy Clinton Roosevelt - The Science of Government (New York 1841) This is a proposal for a totalitarian government without individual rights run by an elitist establishment. Clinton Roosevelt was a cousin of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The book has been removed from the current Library of Congress catalog although it was listed in the earlier 1959 edition. THE SCIENCE OF GOVERNMENT, FOUNDED ON NATURAL LAW. i»y CLINTON ROOSEVELT. NEW YORK: PUBLISHED BY DEAN & THEVETT, 121 Fulton Strut. 1841. InKnd « rcurOir.it to Act of Coniriu. In th« T—r IStS, if CLINTON ROOSEVELT, In th« Cl«r1i"l Office of Uw Dlttrtct Court for th« Southern District of N«r York. 30 Roosevelt's Socialist Manifesto Endnotes to Chapter Four (1) Karl Schriftgiesser, The Amazing Roosevelt Family, 1613-1942 (New York: Wilfred Funk, 1942) p. 143. (2) Ibid., p. 142. Examination of the charts on pages xi and xii of Schriftgiesser show that Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the so-called anti-bank candidate in 1932, also descends in direct line from New York Bank founder Isaac Roosevelt. (3) Clinton Roosevelt, The Science of Government Founded on Natural Law (New York: Dean & Trevett, 1841). There are two known copies of this book: one in the Library of Congress, Washington D.C. and another in the Harvard University Library. The existence of the book is censored (i.e., omitted) in the latest edition of the Library of Congress catalog, but was recorded in the earlier 1959 edition (page 75). A facsimile edition was published by Emanuel J. Josephson, as part of his Roosevelt's Communist Manifesto (New York: Chedney Press, 1955). (4) Ibid. (5) Ibid. (6) Ibid.