Chapters One - Four excerpted from the book Final Judgment The missing link in the JFK assassination conspiracy by Michael Collins Piper
Chapters One - Four
excerpted from the book
The missing link in the JFK assassination
by Michael Collins Piper
Wolfe Press, 1995, paperback
Who killed John F. Kennedy? That question has plagued the world
for a generation. What is it that we do know about the JFK murder
that ties all of the differing theories together? What is it that
all of the theories have in common?
The blame for the assassination has been
placed on numerous power groups, perhaps working independently
or together. Most often named have been the CIA (or rogue elements
thereof), organized crime and the anti-Castro Cuban network.
Yet, one power in particular-Israel and
its spy agency, the Mossad-links all of these forces together.
Israel, however, is the central player whose role has been consistently
GENERALLY ACCEPTED CONCLUSIONS
Our final judgment on a foundation composed
of the following generally accepted conclusions about the nature
of the JFK assassination conspiracy:
o That there was a conspiracy to kill
John F. Kennedy;
o That the conspiracy itself involved
elements of the U.S. intelligence community, the CIA in particular;
o That Organized Crime figures played
a major part in the conspiracy;
o That anti-Castro Cubans were actively
participating in the conspiracy, at the urging of and/or manipulation
by the CIA and elements of Organized Crime;
o That somehow Lee Harvey Oswald (wittingly
or unwittingly) was brought into the conspiracy and that the conspirators
planted false evidence to link Oswald with Fidel Castro and the
o That Oswald was directly involved in
some manner of U.S. intelligence community activities and that
he was a knowing participant in those activities;
o That Jack Ruby was either an active
participant in the assassination conspiracy itself or was used
in some fashion to manipulate Oswald prior to the assassination
o That Ruby was actively involved in organized
crime activities and that he was, as a consequence of that involvement,
also linked with organized crime activities that operated in conjunction
(or ran parallel) with U.S. intelligence community activities.
o That the Central Intelligence Agency
was cognizant of the activities of both Oswald and Ruby and certainly
o That Oswald was executed by Jack Ruby
for the purpose of silencing Oswald forever;
o That a major cover-up of the JFK assassination
conspiracy was undertaken following the events in Dallas;
o That the cover-up involved elements
of the federal government (including the CIA);
o That the Warren Commission and the House
Assassinations Committee were deliberate participants in the cover-up;
o That the cover-up conspiracy was conducted
for a wide variety of motivations-both ostensibly "patriotic"
and otherwise- including-but not limited to:
a) burying intelligence community connections
to the assassination conspiracy;
b) protecting Organized Crime elements
c) preventing hostilities between the
United States and foreign nations (whether it be the Soviet Union
or Castro's Cuba); and
d) resolving questions about the assassination
in the public's mind, both here and abroad.
o That the Controlled Media actively encouraged
and/or participated in the cover-up due to its links to the CIA,
the intelligence community in general, and Organized Crime. _____
Here, in essence, is the basis of the
theory presented and documented:
-That during his presidency, John F. Kennedy
alienated three major international power blocs: the American
CIA, Organized Crime, and Israel and its American lobby.
o That in each case, Kennedy's continued
tenure in the White House was perceived by each of these power
groups as a threat to its very existence.
o That each of these major international
power blocs was closely intertwined with the others, often on
o That when Kennedy's presence in the
White House became so intolerable that these forces came together
in a wide-ranging conspiracy that resulted in JFK's murder.
o That the power of these forces, together,
over the American media played a vital role in the assassination
Final Judgment explores in detail the
little-known behind-the-scenes war between John F. Kennedy and
Israel and documents how U.S. policy toward the Middle East underwent
a drastic reversal upon JFK's
A THEORY OF POWER POLITICS AT WORK
The conspiracy outlined here was a criminal
enterprise involving power politics in its highest-and lowest-forms.
o Presents international intrigue above
and beyond the then-crumbling U.S.-Israel relationship;
o Examines the tragic reality of American
involvement in Southeast Asia-which Kennedy sought to prevent-the
final result of which guaranteed:
(a) Israel's dominance in Middle East
affairs as the United States became bogged down in Asia;
(b) Southeast Asian drug profits for Meyer
Lansky's global drug racket (operating in conjunction with the
Mossad's ally, the CIA); and
(c) Multi-billion dollar profits in arms
production for the backers of Israel's ally-Lyndon Johnson-in
the military-industrial complex;
o Explains how the CIA-so closely tied
to Israel-was able to continue its subterranean covert activities
in Southeast Asia and elsewhere after the elimination of JFK;
o Illustrates how certain special interests
(the anti-Castro Cuban movement and Organized Crime) could be
manipulated by another special interest-the CIA-Mossad alliance-in
pursuit of a mutual goal: ending John F. Kennedy's presidency;
o Points out why the various elements
involved in the conspiracy were working in conjunction with one
another in covering up the facts about the assassination;
o Details how the Controlled Media-long
a primary collaborator with the Lansky-linked pro-Israel lobby
in the United States-promoted the Warren Commission's "lone
nut" solution of the JFK murder and sought to silence critics
of the "official" explanation;
o Reveals how the anger and disgust of
one powerful man-in this instance, David Ben-Gurion of Israel-could
result in a vendetta carried out by means of a far-reaching conspiracy
orchestrated through his own sphere of influence;
o Describes how key American political
power brokers-such as J. Edgar Hoover and, most particularly,
Lyndon B. Johnson (both connected to the Israeli-linked Lansky
Crime Syndicate)-were able to maintain their influence-and expand
it correspondingly-upon the death of John F. Kennedy and
o Demonstrates how low-level operatives
such as Lee Harvey Oswald and Jack Ruby - both with a diverse
array of strange connections-were utilized by conspirators at
OFF WITH HIS HEAD:
A MOSSAD PLOT TO KILL AN AMERICAN PRESIDENT
Would Israel's Mossad actually consider
assassinating an American president perceived hostile to Israel?
A former Mossad agent says "yes." According to ex-Mossad
man Victor Ostrovsky, the Israeli spy agency hatched a plan to
kill President George Bush.
Was President John F. Kennedy killed by
a conspiracy orchestrated-at least in part-by Israel's spy agency-the
Mossad? If so, this would not be the last time that the Mossad
planned the assassination of an American president.
According to former Mossad agent Victor
Ostrovsky, elements of the Mossad were plotting an attempt on
the life of President George Bush. The reason: according to Ostrovsky,
Bush is hated by the Mossad and considered an enemy of Israel.
This amazing revelation was published
in the February 1992 edition of the Washington Report on Middle
East Affairs. The author of the report was former Congressman
Paul Findley (R-Ill.), himself a prominent critic of Israel. (Findley's
best-selling book, They Dare to Speak Out: People and Institutions
Confront Israel's Lobby, is a classic exposition of the way Israel
Lobby has worked to silence American critics of the foreign nation.)
Findley reports that Ostrovsky had learned through his sources
in the intelligence community that because of President Bush's
seeming intransigence toward Israel's demands, the Mossad had
begun coordinating plans for the assassination of the American
Ostrovsky relayed this information to
several members of the Canadian parliament, indicating that the
Mossad, and not Israel's elected leadership, is "the real
engine of policy in Israel."
One of those attending the meeting with
Ostrovsky passed the information on to another former Republican
member of the House of Representative, Paul N. (Pete) McCloskey
of California. (McCloskey, like Findley, has been a forthright
public critic of Israel and is associated with his fellow former
lawmaker on the board of the Council for the National Interest,
a Washington-based organization that promotes America's interests
in Middle East policy-making.)
Upon learning of the potential threat
to President Bush, exCongressman McKloskey himself flew to Canada
where he met with Ostrovsky. According to Findley's account, here
is what transpired: "Ostrovsky impressed McCloskey as a patriotic
Zionist who believes the Mossad is out of control. Ostrovsky told
him [McCloskey] the present leadership of the Mossad wants 'to
do everything possible to preserve a state of war between Israel
and its neighbors, assassinating President Bush, if necessary."
A BAD HABIT:
ISRAEL'S USE OF "FALSE FLAGS" IN GLOBAL TERRORISM -
POINTING THE FINGER OF GUILT ELSEWHERE
Researchers in the JFK assassination controversy
have repeatedly pointed out the false leads that continue to appear.
Most believe that Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin, was
indeed what he claimed to be-the patsy-and that false clues had
been laid by the real conspirators to make it appear as though
Oswald was an agent of the Soviets or Fidel Castro or both.
The use of such "false flags"
by Israel's Mossad to cover up its own role in worldwide assassination
conspiracies and other criminal activity has been documented time
and again. "Arabs," "the Mafia," "right-wing
extremists," and others have repeatedly taken the fall for
crimes committed by the Mossad or carried out under its coordination.
The use of "false flag" operations
by Israel and its Mossad has been documented repeatedly since
the Jewish State first came into being.
This book contends that Israel and its
primary collaborator, the CIA, utilized insidious "false
flags" in orchestrating the assassination of John F. Kennedy
and the subsequent cover-up: "the Mafia," "anti-Castro
Cubans," "the Soviets," "Castro agents"
and even "right-wing extremists" have all been fingered
as those responsible for the JFK assassination. But the real hard
evidence points in another direction entirely.
THE U.S.S. LIBERTY-BLAMING THE EGYPTIANS
Israel, in fact, hoped to pin the responsibility
on a "false flag" Egypt - and draw the United States
into the impending 1967 war on the side of Israel. It is only
because the Liberty did not sink and instead was rescued that
the history books don't tell us today that "the Arabs"
sunk an American spy ship and sparked another "Lusitania
incident" that forced America to go to war.
THE NUCLEAR BOMB
The second instance to which Congressman
Findley referred is of special interest inasmuch as the intended
attack on an American air force reconnaissance plane was designed
to protect Israel's secret development of nuclear weaponry.
It was Israel's nuclear offensive that
led President John F. Kennedy into the "secret war"
with Israel that he was conducting during the three years of his
short-lived presidency... it was the very issue of Kennedy's intransigence
and his opposition to Israel's nuclear development that became
a central part of his standoff with Israel and its Mossad.
It was this conflict indeed that played
a critical part in setting in final motion the assassination conspiracy
that ended John Kennedy's life.
What follows is an overview of some other
notable instances in which Israel utilized "false flags"
in its international criminal endeavors.
THE LAVON AFFAIR
Perhaps the best-known instance in which
Israel used a "false flag" to cover its own trail was
in the infamous Lavon Affair. It was in 1954 that several Israeli-orchestrated
acts of terrorism against British targets in Egypt were carried
out. Blame for the attacks was placed on the Muslim Brotherhood,
which opposed the regime of Egyptian President Gamul Abdul-Nasser.
However, the truth about the wave of terror
can now be found in a once-secret cable from Colonel Benjamin
Givli, the head of Israel's military intelligence, who outlined
the intended purpose behind the wave of terror:
["Our goal] is to break the West's
confidence in the existing [Egyptian] regime . . . . The actions
should cause arrests, demonstrations, and expressions of revenge.
The Israeli origin should be totally covered while attention should
be shifted to any other possible factor. The purpose is to prevent
economic and military aid from the West to Egypt."
Ultimately the truth about Israel's involvement
in the affair became public and Israel was rocked internally in
the wake of the scandal. Competing political elements within Israel
used the scandal as a bludgeon against their opponents. But the
truth about Israel's use of a "false flag" had come
to international attention.
BLAMING 'RIGHT-WING EXTREMISTS'
A shadowy "right wing" group
known as "Direct Action" was accused of the attack on
Goldenberg's Deli in Paris on August 9, 1982. Six people died
and 22 were injured.
The leader of "Direct Action"
was one Jean-Marc Rouillan. It turned out that Rouillan had been
operating in the Mediterranean under the cover name of "Sebas"
and had been repeatedly linked to the Mossad. All references to
Rouillan's Mossad links were deleted from the official reports
issued at the time.
However, the Algerian national news service-which
has ties to French intelligence-blamed the Mossad for these activities.
Angry French intelligence officers were believed to have leaked
this information to the Algerians. Several top French security
officials quit in protest over this intra-intelligence community
This is just one of many such Mossad-orchestrated
crimes in which others took the blame. There are others.
On October 3, 1980 a synagogue on Copernicus
Street was bombed in Paris. Four bystanders were killed. Nine
were injured. The media frenzy which followed the incident was
worldwide. Reports held that "right wing extremists"
were responsible. Yet, of all of the "right wing extremists"
held for questioning, none was arrested. In fact, all were released.
In the upper echelons of French intelligence,
however, the finger of suspicion was pointed at the Mossad. According
to one report: "On April 6, 1979, the same Mossad terror
unit now suspected of the Copernicus carnage blew up the heavily
guarded plant of CNIM industries at La Seyne-sur-Mer, near Toulon,
in southeast France, where a consortium of French firms was building
a nuclear reactor for Iraq.
"The Mossad salted the site of the
CNIM bomb blast with 'clues' followed up with anonymous phone
calls to police-suggesting that the sabotage was the work of a
'conservative' environmentalist group-'the most pacific and harmless
people on earth' as one source put it."
Other Mossad-orchestrated false flag operations
also took place on French soil.
BLAMING THE CORSICAN MAFIA
o On June 28, 1978, Israeli agents exploded
a bomb under a small passenger car in the Rue Saint Anne, killing
Mohammed Boudia, an organizer for the Palestine Liberation Organization
(PLO). Immediately afterward, Paris police received anonymous
phone calls accusing Boudia of involvement in narcotics deals
and attributing his murder to the Corsican Mafia. A thorough investigation
subsequently established that Mossad special-action agents were
responsible for the terrorist killing.
BLAMING THE NEO-NAZIS
o In October, 1976 the same Mossad unit
kidnapped two West German students named Brigette Schulz and Thomas
Reuter from their Paris hotel. Planted "clues" and anonymous
phone calls made it appear that a Bavarian "neo-nazi"
formation had executed the abduction. In fact, French intelligence
established that the two German youths had been secretly flown
to Israel, drugged, tortured, coerced into a false "confession
of complicity" in PLO activities, and then anonymously incarcerated
in one of the Israeli government's notorious political prisons.
BLAMING THE SOUTH KOREANS
o In February 1977 a German-born, naturalized
U.S. citizen named William Jahnke arrived in Paris for some secretive
business meetings. He soon vanished, leaving no trace. Paris police
were anonymously informed that Jahnke had been involved in a high-level
South Korean bribery affair and "eliminated" when the
deal went sour.
A special team of investigators from SDECE,
the leading French intelligence agency, eventually determined
that Jahnke had been "terminated" by the Mossad, which
suspected him of selling secret information to the Libyans. Along
with other details of this sordid case, the SDECE learned that
Jahnke had been "fingered" to the Mossad by his own
former employer, the CIA.
BLAMING THE LIBYANS
One of Israel's most outrageous "false
flag" operations involved a wild propaganda story aimed at
discrediting Libyan leader Muamar Qaddafi, one of Israel's favorite
enemies. In the early months of the administration of President
Ronald Reagan, the American media began heavily promoting a story
to the effect that a "Libyan hit squad" was in the United
States for the express purpose of assassinating Reagan. This inflamed
public sentiment against Libya and there were repeated calls for
Suddenly, however, the "hit squad"
stories vanished. In fact, it was ultimately discovered that the
source of the story was one Manucher Ghorbanifar, a former Iranian
SAVAK (secret police) agent with close ties to the Mossad. Even
The Washington Post acknowledged that the CIA itself believed
that Ghorbanifar was a liar who "had made up the hit-squad
story in order to cause problems for one of Israel's enemies."
The Los Angeles Times itself had already
blown the whistle on Israel's scare stories. "Israeli intelligence,
not the Reagan administration," reported the Times, "was
a major source of some of the most dramatic published reports
about a Libyan assassination team allegedly sent to kill President
Reagan and other top U.S. officials... Israel, which informed
sources said has 'wanted an excuse to go in and bash Libya for
a longtime,' may be trying to build American public support for
a strike against [Qaddafi], these sources said
In other words, Israel had been promoting
the former SAVAK agent, Ghorbanifar, to official Washington as
a reliable source. In fact, he was a Mossad disinformation operative
waving a "false flag" to mislead America.
This was yet another Israeli scheme to
blame Libya for its own misdeeds, this time using one "false
flag" (Iran's SAVAK) to lay the blame on another "false
flag" (Libya). (In Chapter 18 we shall see yet another SAVAK
crime carried out on behalf of Israel and its allies in the CIA.)
BLAMING LIBYA AGAIN
Israel's Mossad was almost certainly responsible
for the bombing of the La Belle discotheque in West Berlin on
April 5, 1986. However, claims were made that there was "irrefutable"
evidence that the Libyans were responsible. A U.S. serviceman
was killed. President Ronald Reagan responded with an attack on
However, intelligence insiders believed
that Israel's Mossad had concocted the phony "evidence"
to "prove" Libyan responsibility. West Berlin police
director Manfred Ganschow, who took charge of the investigation,
cleared the Libyans, saying, "This is a highly political
case. Some of the evidence cited in Washington may not be evidence
at all, merely assumptions supplied for political reasons."
BLAMING THE SYRIANS
On April 18, 1986 one Nezar Hindawi, a
32 year old Jordanian was arrested in London after security guards
found that one of the passengers boarding an Israeli plane bound
for Jerusalem, Ann Murphy, 22, was carrying a square, flat sheet
of plastic explosive in the double bottom of her carry-on bag.
Miss Murphy told security men that the detonator (disguised as
a calculator) had been given to her by her finance, Hindawi. He
was charged with attempted sabotage and attempted murder.
Word was leaked that Hindawi had confessed
and claimed that he had been hired by Gen. Mohammed Al-Khouli,
the intelligence director of the Syrian air force. Also implicated
were others including the Syrian Ambassador in London. The French
authorities warned the British Prime Minister that there was more
to the case than met the eye-that is, Israeli involvement. This
was later confirmed in repeated reports in the Western press.
BLAMING THE PLO
In 1970, King Hussein of Jordan was provided
with incriminating intelligence that suggested the Palestine Liberation
Organization was plotting to murder him and seize power in his
nation. Infuriated, Hussein mobilized his forces for what has
become known as the 'Black September' purge of the PLO. Thousands
of Palestinians living in Jordan were rounded up, some of the
leaders were tortured, and in the end, masses of refugees were
driven from Jordan to Lebanon.
New data, coming to light after the murder
of two leading Mossad operatives in Larnaka, Cyprus suggested
that the entire operation had been a Mossad covert action, led
by one of its key operatives, Sylvia Roxburgh, who was also known
as Sylvia Rafael and is believed to have been born Esther Paltzur.
Miss Roxburgh contrived an affair with
King Hussein, known for his weakness for beautiful women, and
served as the linchpin for one of the Mossad's major "cover
and deception" coups designed to destabilize the Arabs.
In 1982, just when the PLO had abandoned
the use of terrorism, the Mossad spread disinformation about "terror
attacks" on Israeli settlements along the northern border
in order to justify a full-scale military invasion of Lebanon.
Years later, even leading Israeli spokesmen, such as former Foreign
Minister Abba Eban, admitted that the reports of "PLO terrorism"
had been contrived by the Mossad.
THE ISRAELI DIPLOMAT
It is also worth noting that the attempted
assassination-in London-of Israeli Ambassador to England, Shiomo
Argov, was initially blamed upon the PLO. The attempted assassination
was cited by Israel as one of its excuses for its bloody 1982
incursion into Lebanon.
Yet, ironically, the diplomat in question
was considered one of Israel's "doves" and inclined
toward a friendly disposition of Israel's longtime conflict with
the PLO. He was the least likely target of PLO wrath. What's more,
one of the suspects in the crime was found carrying a "hit
list" which actually included the name of the head of the
PLO office in London.
In fact, it appears that the assassination
attempt was carried out by the Mossad-under yet another "false
flag"-for two purposes: (a) elimination of a domestic "peacenik"
considered friendly toward the Palestinians; and (b) pinning yet
another crime on the Palestine Liberation Organization.
WHO IS POINTING THE FINGER?
These instances cited here are but a handful
of Mossad-orchestrated "false flag" operations blamed
on a wide variety of alleged "suspects."
The evidence suggests that the assassination
of John F. Kennedy was yet another "false flag" conspiracy
by Israel's Mossad and its collaborators in the American CIA.
In the JFK assassination, the "Mafia" and the "antiCastro
Cubans" were set up as potential fall guys. Even Castro and
the Soviets have been implicated. Everybody, it seems, has been
fingered but the Mossad.
It was the Mossad and its allies in the
CIA and in the controlled American media who have been doing all
the fingering. Everybody being blamed by the Mossad and its CIA
allies were implicated-one way or the other-and everybody, as
a consequence, had a stake in the cover-up.
New-York-based entertainment executive named DeWest Hooker who
meet with Joe Kennedy in Palm Beach Florida in 1956
"[Joe] Kennedy said, 'I've done everything
I can to fight the Jewish power over this country. I tried to
stop World War II, but I failed. I've made all the money I need
and now I'm passing everything I've learned on to my sons."
"I don't go with the 'loser',"[Joe]
Kennedy told me. 'I've joined the 'winners.' I'm going to work
with the Jews. I'm teaching my boys the whole score and they're
going to work with the Jews. I'm going to make Jack the first
Irish Catholic President of the United States and if it means
working with Jews, so be it..."
KENNEDY AND CRIME
It took the family of Chicago Mafia boss
Sam Giancana to fill in the missing pieces of the puzzle. According
to Sam Giancana (nephew of the Windy City mobster) and Chuck Giancana
(brother of the mobster), JFK - and his father - had indeed double-crossed
According to the Giancanas, Detroit's
"Jewish Mafia," the so-called "Purple Gang"
had put out a contract on Joe Kennedy's life for bringing illegal
liquor through their territory without their permission during
the Prohibition days. However, Kennedy Sr. had gone to Chicago
to beg for his life and the Chicago Mafia bosses intervened on
his behalf, saving his life. As the Giancana's put it: "Ever
after, Kennedy was in Chicago's debt."
The relationship went much deeper, however.
According to the Giancanas: "Kennedy's ties to the underworld
intersected at a hundred points. Besides making a fortune in bootlegging,
Kennedy had made a financial killing in Hollywood in the twenties-with
the help of persuasive behind-the-scenes New York and Chicago
"When Prohibition came to a close,
as part of a national agreement between the various bootleggers,
Kennedy held on to three of the most lucrative booze distributorships
in the country-Gordon's gin, Dewar's, and Haig & Haig-through
his company, Somerset Imports."
The Giancanas also say that it was Sam
Giancana who smoothed things over with Frank Costello on Joe Kennedy's
behalf after Ambassador Kennedy had snubbed the New York mobster.
According to the Giancanas, Kennedy was concerned about his son's
burgeoning political career and it was at that point that he agreed
to cut a deal with organized crime in order to ensure smooth sailing-and
in order to get Frank Costello, in Kennedy's words, "off
A PROMISE TO THE MOB
After Joe Kennedy begged for [Sam] Giancana's
assistance at a meeting in Chicago, Giancana reportedly said,
"I've heard nothing today that leads me to think that you
can promise me anything in return for my assistance."
"Kennedy responded: "I can.
And I will. You help me now, Sam, and I'll see to it that Chicago-that
you-can sit in the godamned Oval office if you want. That you'll
have the President's ear. But I just need time."
Kennedy told Giancana, "He'll be
your man. I swear to that. My son - the President of the United
States - will owe you his father's life. He won't refuse you,
ever. You have my word."
JFK, THE MAFIA AND MEYER LANSKY
It was during the 1960 Democratic Presidential
primary campaign that the Kennedys once again turned to Giancana
for critical Mafia support. In fact, according to the Giancanas,
the Kennedys - father and son - actually met with Sam Giancana
to work out a joint agreement of mutual support before - and after
- the election. As Giancana summarized the agreement: ' "I
help get Jack elected and, in return, fills off the heat. It'll
be business as usual."
Mafia money poured into critical primary
states such as West Virginia (where many local political leaders
were on the Mafia "pad") and by convention time, JFK
was virtually assured the presidential nomination. Although New
Orleans Mafia boss Carlos Marcello preferred Texas Senator Lyndon
Johnson, an agreement was cut, and a Kennedy-Johnson ticket was
set in place. The Democratic ticket was ready for the fall election.
It turns out, too, that JFK himself was
busy with other mob figures other than Sam Giancana, although
the history books have discreetly ignored JFK's other crime connections,
preferring instead to focus on the Italian-American "Mafia"
According to FBI documents and wiretaps,
JFK himself had "direct contact" with Meyer Lansky himself
during the 1960 presidential campaign, presumably for the purpose
of shoring up mob support for his presidential campaign-a pact
that would ultimately prove to have been a proverbial deal with
In a private letter to Jewish American historian Alfred Lilienthal,
himself a vocal critic of Israel, Kennedy did, however, reveal
his feelings toward the Middle East conflict. The letter, written
on September 30, 1960, read in part: "I wholly agree with
you that American partiality in the Arab) Israeli conflict is
dangerous both to the U.S. and the Free World-66 In 'Lilienthal's
judgment, Kennedy's comment was "one of the most significant
and perspicacious Middle East statements" ever made by any
American political figure.
But Kennedy had already cut his deals.
Not only organized crime-but the Israeli lobby (of which Meyer
Lansky was a critical supporter)-had their claims on John F. Kennedy.
After the election, they expected Kennedy
to pay up. In the general election, it was a narrow Kennedy victory
over the Republican candidate, Vice President Richard M. Nixon.
The role of the Chicago Democratic political
machine (under the thumb of Mafia boss Sam Giancana) in stealing
Illinois votes on behalf of the Kennedy-Johnson ticket is now
well known and a widely accepted part of American political history.
Sam Giancana and his allies in organized
crime-including Meyer Lansky and the Israeli lobby-were confident
that they had themselves a president.
... Soon after JFK assumed the presidency,
an unexpected war on organized crime began. Robert Kennedy, who
had cut his teeth prosecuting mobsters as a counsel for the Senate's
"rackets committee," was named attorney general and
it was apparent that he was taking his new job seriously.
According to Sam Giancana, "It's
a brilliant move on Joe [Kennedy] 's part. He'll have Bobby wipe
us out to cover their own dirty tracks and it'll all be done in
the name of the Kennedy 'war on organized crime.' Brilliant. Just
... Angry at his campaign experiences with the Israeli lobby's
fundraisers, Kennedy appointed a bipartisan commission in 1961
to recommend ways to broaden "the financial base of our presidential
According to Seymour Hersh, "In a
statement that was far more heartfelt than the public or the press
could perceive, [Kennedy] criticized the current method of financing
campaigns as 'highly undesirable' and 'not healthy' because it
made candidates 'dependent on large financial contributions of
those with special interests."
In 1962 Kennedy submitted five bills to
reform campaign financing to Congress and in 1963 two more such
bills. But none of those bills survived, having been beaten back
by the very special interests that Kennedy sought to counter.
... There have been widespread rumors,
for nearly a generation, that JFK was planning to issue interest-free
money-so-called "greenbacks" independent of the stranglehold
of the privately-owned Federal Reserve System. In fact, interest-free
United States Notes were issued during JFK's presidency.
There is no question, however, but that JFK-once firmly established
in the presidency-fully intended to move against the Federal Reserve
money monopoly. In fact, during his private meeting with DeWest
Hooker, described earlier in these pages, JFK's father, Ambassador
Joseph P. Kennedy, assured Hooker that an ultimate long-term aim
of the Kennedy dynasty would be the destruction of what the senior
Kennedy described as "the Rothschild-dominated Federal Reserve."
This alone could have assured JFK's removal
from the White House.